Global Asthma Network Logo Global Asthma Network Global Asthma Network Logo
  • The Global Asthma Network strives for a world where no-one suffers from asthma

  • The Global Asthma Network is the asthma surveillance hub for the world

  • The Global Asthma Network researches ways of reducing the burden of asthma

  • The Global Asthma Network promotes access to appropriate asthma management

  • The Global Asthma Network stimulates and encourages capacity building in LMICs

  • The Global Asthma Network strives to ensure access to quality-assured essential asthma medications

  • The Global Asthma Network raises the profile of asthma as a major NCD

19. Coding and Data Transfer Section

19.1  Introduction

The purpose of this section is to describe in detail how the Global Asthma Network data should be formatted and structured when it is sent to the GAN Global Centre in Auckland, New Zealand. Once the data has been received and acknowledged it will be then sent to one of two data centres – London, UK(Neil Pearce) for the majority of centres or Murcia, Spain (Luis García Marcos) for Spanish and Portuguese speaking centres.(see section 21 for contact details)

The preferred method of data transfer is by email or file upload via the internet. If this is not possible, the data may be sent via a flash drive or CD-ROM, but must be sent as electronic files, not on paper forms. It is the responsibility of the principal investigator to arrange for the data to be entered onto a computer. The GAN Global Centre does not have the resources to carry out this task for any centre.

As noted in section 6.1.3, at least 10% of data should be double entered to gauge the number of mistakes being made with data entry and if a large number of errors are encountered, the full dataset should be double entered. Double entry of data, as the name suggests, involves entering the data once, followed by a second entry of the data which is compared with the first version to identify any keystroke errors. Some data entry computer software will allow the user to compare the first and second versions of the data as the operator is entering the data for the second time. Any discrepancies between the first and second versions can immediately be resolved using the paper questionnaire as a reference. Otherwise, data will need to be entered into two datasets, then compared manually.

Epi-Info

For basic data entry, Epi-Info is a free epidemiological software package distributed by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, and may be downloaded from http://www.cdc.gov/epiinfo/. Since 2000, Epi-Info does not compare the two versions of the data automatically however, it does include a number of useful statistical functions. If centres wish to use an Epi Info data entry package, the Epi Info package can be obtained from the GAN Global Centre or this website.

Instructions | GAN Data Entry Package | http://www.cdc.gov/epiinfo/

Optical Mark Recognition Software

Some centres may wish to use questionnaire scanning software such as OMR (Optical Mark Recognition) for data entry. This is acceptable, but if so, procedures to deal with data entry errors must be documented and sent to the GAN Global Centre. The scanning software should also scan and keep an image of the questionnaire so that it can be checked when an error appears and manually corrected if necessary. The questionnaires may need specific preparations to be suitable for being read by a scanner. A copy of any paper questionnaire used must be provided to the GAN Global Centre. The name of the software and its manufacturer, and documentation describing the software should be sent to the GAN Global Centre, and/or a website address for the documentation. The software should have the ability to export the data set as a .CSV file. Adult and student questionnaires must be linked.

The minimum requirements for questionnaire scanning software are:

  1. A questionnaire layout which facilitates the scanning procedure: e.g. a large margin separating the text from the marking boxes
  2. High quality BLACK printing of questionnaires, to avoid movements of the text, even of half a millimetre.
  3. A software package which detects any marking errors and allows for comparisons to the scanned questionnaire and manual error correction.

Please retain the paper questionnaires in secure storage, for the time specified by your Ethics Committee, following data entry. The questionnaires must be available during the data checking process for checking against the computer record. In some countries it may be a condition of ethical approval for the study that the paper questionnaires are stored for a specific period of time.

The answers to the questions provided by the student or parent should be entered onto the computer exactly as they responded. No corrections should be made to remove apparent inconsistencies between the responses to different questions. Corrections may be made to errors in the demographic information if the correct information is available from another source (i.e. the school). However, all corrections to demographic information should be made to a copy of the original data file(s). Please retain copies of the original and any amended versions of the data file(s) for a minimum period of 3 years as a safeguard against accidental loss of the data (or for the time specified by your Ethics Committee).

The data format described in this section applies to the data sent to the GAN Global Centre, not necessarily to the data held locally. The structure required of the data when being sent to the GAN Global Centre certainly can be used as the local data format but it is not necessary to do so. The locally held data must be able to be transcribed to the format given in this manual. To do this each of the responses for each question required to be sent to the GAN Global Centre must have a unique code in the local data set so that they can be translated to the appropriate GAN Global Centre code.

Data for questions that have been added to the core questionnaires to address local research hypotheses should not be sent to the GAN Global Centre. Only the data for questions from the questionnaires included in this manual should be sent to the GAN Global Centre.

If the data is sent to the GAN Global Centre on flash drive or CD-ROM, the disks need to be identified clearly. This identification is achieved using a label attached to the media and a file on the disk containing identifying information. This file is known as the DATA HEADER. The DATA HEADER file must also be included if the data is sent via email or internet upload. The structure and content of the DATA HEADER is described in detail below.

The data for a centre is sent as one or more DATA files and these files also need to be clearly identified. Each DATA file is identified by a one-line record at the beginning that gives information about that file. This single record at the beginning of each DATA file is called the FORM HEADER. The structure and content of the FORM HEADER is described in detail below.

As an additional check, each data record has identification information contained within it. This is the information on form type, form version, country and centre of survey. There is clearly considerable repetition involved in all this identification material but it is absolutely essential that the data received by the GAN Global Centre is unambiguous and the repetition allows checks to be made.

19.2  Data structure

19.2.1  Data files

A standard form for each age group will be used to format the data sent to the GAN Global Centre. The GAN Global Centre has defined only these forms for formatting data. If any centre would prefer to send data in another format they should contact the GAN Global Centre before formatting or sending any data. (info@globalasthmanetwork.org)

The GAN Global Centre prefers that all data files are saved in plain text format using the structure described in this section. However, some centres may not be familiar with text format data files (also known as ‘flat’ files) and may prefer to send the data in a spreadsheet or database file format such as Microsoft Excel or Microsoft Access. If this is the case, the Principal Investigator should contact the GAN Global Centre to confirm that the GAN Global Centre can read the intended format. Other file formats that the GAN Global Centre can accept include, Lotus 1-2-3, Paradox, Dbase, Quattro Pro, Microsoft Works and Epi-Info. If one of these file formats is used to send data to the GAN Global Centre, please follow the data structure described in this section as closely as is feasible. Any alterations to the order of variables, variable names or format of variables described in this section should be clearly described in correspondence to the GAN Global Centre.

When creating the data files, use the format documented in the coding section of this manual for all variables (see section 19.5). The compulsory questions are noted in sections 7-9. Should centres wish to omit subsequent questions it is assumed they will re number their questions accordingly, however centres must still use the variable names and item numbers noted in section 19.5 when coding the data from their questionnaires.

Data for different subjects (adolescents, children or adults) must be written in different records (lines). A new file should be created for each age group. The files must contain only items of the questionnaires and preferably saved as a .CSV (Comma Separated Value) file. Each variable (numeric or character) must be delimited by a comma (for .CSV files) or semicolon (for other ASCII text files). Hence character variables should not contain semicolons or commas as text values. The decimal separator must be a point. Do not use commas as a decimal separator as this can interfere with the format of .CSV files and other export routines for conversion to ASCII text files that use commas as a variable delimiter.

An example of these file format specifications is given below:

1,text response,2.15,next text response, etc.

Note: Most data entry or database programmes will use the comma as default field delimiter or allow you to specify it, if you export and save your data as an ASCII text and/or .CSV file. If you have any problems to code or convert your data to the requested format, do not hesitate to contact the GAN Global Centre.

19.2.2  Text and empty variables

In most cases blank spaces are not allowed in the DATA file records (except in the DATA HEADER file). Leading zeros are to be used where necessary to pad fields to avoid blanks. Most variables in the questionnaire use numeric codes (e.g. 1 for ‘Yes’, 2 for ‘No’). If there was no response, you should use the code ‘9’ or ‘99’ to indicate that there was no response from the respondent.

1,2,9,1,99,etc

The exception to this is some variables which contain text (eg item 80 in section 19.5.3). If a respondent has not answered ‘Other’ for item 79, item 80 should be left blank. Collaborators must also ensure that delimiters are used for blank variables. In this case the coding for these variables should be:

1,,next response,9, etc

No response may occur deliberately because it was a question that was not required to be answered, or the respondent chose not to answer the question, or may occur unintentionally because the respondent did not correctly supply the information.

Some programs may also enclose text variables in double or single quotes when exporting. Eg:

1,”text response”,9,etc

Empty text variables, however, should not include these quotes. Eg:

1,,”next text response”,9,etc

19.2.3  Country, centre, school and serial codes

COUNTRY and CENTRE codes are issued by the GAN Global Centre when Centres register and are accepted into the study. Principal Investigators should contact the GAN Global Centre if they do not know their COUNTRY or CENTRE code.

SCHOOL and SERIAL codes must be unique within each centre and are to be allocated by the centre. Centres may choose to allocate SERIAL codes for subjects (children) consecutively within the centre, or they may wish to re-start the numbering for each school. Either approach is acceptable as long as no two (or more) respondents share the same combination of SCHOOL and SERIAL codes within a centre. If the Adult questionnaire is used, it is VITAL that the adult respondents can be linked with the corresponding child or adolescent respondent in some way See section 19.5 and “identifying boxes for office use only” in section 20. If questionnaires are scanned a barcode could be used to link student and adult records. The GAN Global Centre may wish to discuss the data for individual respondents during the data checking process. Centres are therefore advised to adopt a numbering system that allows them to easily associate a record in the computer file with a paper questionnaire.

19.3  Methods of data transfer

As stated above, the preferred method of data transfer is by email or file upload via the internet. If this is not possible, media that may be used to transfer data files to the GAN Global Centre include USB flash-drive, CD-ROM or DVD sent via post. At present the GAN Global Centre does not have the capability to accept other formats. Please contact the GAN Global Centre prior to data transfer if you would prefer to use other formats.

19.3.1  Email

Data files may be sent as attachments to email messages. All email with data attachments should be sent to the GAN Global Centre in Auckland (info@globalasthmanetwork.org).

Each email message must contain at least two attached files: a DATA HEADER file and one or more DATA files.

The version of the data should be numbered sequentially from 01. The first copy of the data sent to the GAN Global Centre will be version 01. If, during correspondence with the GAN Global Centre, changes are made to the data and a further version of the data is sent to the GAN Global Centre, this will be version 02 and so on.

The DATA HEADER file contains information about the person preparing the disk and the data files included on the diskette.

Name the DATA HEADER file as "Hmmmrrrnn.ext", where:

Hindicates header file
mmmis the country code number,
rrris the centre code number,
nnis the two digit data version number, and
extis the file type extension (e.g.txt for a flat text file).

For example, the first DATA HEADER flat text file from Auckland (CENTRE 001), New Zealand (COUNTRY 001) will be called H00100101.txt

DATA HEADER file: 

The first line of every DATA file should be the FORM HEADER. The FORM HEADER should be followed by the actual data, one line for each subject (participant), using the structure described in the data form (see section 19.5).

The data files should be named as "Dxxmmmrrrnn", where:

Dindicates data file
xxis any number identifying the DATA file being sent,
mmmis the country code number,
rrris the centre code number,
nnis the two digit data version number, and
extis the file type extension (e.g. .csv for a comma separated value file).

For example, the first DATA file from Auckland (CENTRE 001), New Zealand (COUNTRY 001) will be called D0100100101.csv

DATA files:

The GAN Global Centre will acknowledge receipt of the data. If no response has been received from the GAN Global Centre two weeks after the data has been sent, please contact the GAN Global Centre by email or fax requesting confirmation that the data has been received.

19.3.2  USB flash-drive and CD-ROM

USB Flash-drives and CD-ROMs should ideally be written on an MS-DOS or Microsoft Windows computer. If such a computer is not available, please clearly state the name and version number of the relevant operating system in correspondence with the GAN Global Centre and on the data label. If at all possible, please avoid using computers with country or region specific operating systems.

Each flash-drive or CD-ROM must contain at least two files: a DATA HEADER file and one or more DATA files.

The DATA HEADER and DATA files should include the same information and be named in the same manner as those described in section 19.3.1.

Flash-drives or CD-ROMS should, if possible, be sent to the GAN Global Centre via registered mail. The GAN Global Centre will acknowledge receipt of data within one working day (except for holiday periods) by return mail and fax or email if a fax number or email address has been supplied. If a centre has received no response from the GAN Global Centre two weeks after the data has been sent, please contact the GAN Global Centre (info@globalasthmanetwork.org) to request confirmation that the data has been received.

19.4  Labels and headers

19.4.1  Disk label

Every data CD-ROM sent from the Global Asthma Network centre to the GAN Global Centre must have a DISK LABEL affixed to it. The DISK LABEL should include the following information:

  • Country number
  • Centre number
  • Date when the disk was written (format as DDMMYYYY)
  • Data version number
  • Data type
Text Box: COUNTRY:	001  CENTRE:	001  Date:	15/07/2015  Data Version:	02  Data type:	Phase One

An example of a DISK LABEL:

This shows that:
It is from COUNTRY 001 (New Zealand)
It is from CENTRE 001 (Auckland)
It was written on 15 July 2015
It is version 02 of the data from Auckland
The data is from Phase One of the Global Asthma Network

19.4.2  Data header

The DATA HEADER file contains ten lines plus one line for every data file included on the disk. Details of each line are shown in the table below:

Line

Name

Specification and Codes

Variable length

1

FORM

Identifies that this is a DATA HEADER            HDGAN

5

1

VERSION

DATA HEADER version                                  02

2

2

NAME

Name of person to be contacted regarding the contents of the disk.

255

3

ADDRESS

Address of person to be contacted regarding the contents of the disk.

255

4

PHONE

Telephone number, fax number and email address of the person to be contacted regarding the contents of the disk.

255

5

DWRITTEN

Date of writing the disk (ddmmyyyy)

8

6

COUNTRY

Country code number

3

7

CENTRE

Centre code number

3

8

DVERSION

Data version identification number

The centre must give a sequential data version number to each different version of the data that is submitted to the GAN Global Centre. The number of the first version should be 01, the second should be 02, etc. The data version number is recorded in the DATA HEADER, and also on the DISK LABEL. This number is also part of the names of the DATA HEADER and the DATA files.

2

9

TOTFILE

Total number of files being transferred to the GAN Global Centre.
Record here the total number of files being sent to the GAN Global Centre. This number will be 1 (for the DATA HEADER) plus the number of DATA files on the disk.

3

10

PHASE1

A code to identify the data is from a Global Asthma Network Phase One study

1

11-

One line for each data file. The line will consist of the filename, the form type the file contains and the number of records within the file.

DATAxx

Data file name using the format Dxxmmmrrrnn.ext where:
D indicates data file
xx is a unique identifier,
mmm is the country number,
rrr is the centre number
nn is the last two digits of the data version number (DVERSION), and
ext is the file extension type

15

Blank

2

FORMxx

Type of form within the data file.
This will always be
01 for 13/14
02 for 6/7
03 for adults
unless otherwise agreed with the GAN Global Centre.

2

blank

2

NUMRECxx

Number of data records within the data file (padded with leading zeros if necessary).

6

DATAxx, FORMxx and NUMRECxx are repeated as many times as is necessary to describe all the data files on the disk.

An example of a DATA HEADER:

HDGAN02
Name of Principal Investigator (e.g. Philippa Ellwood)
Department of Paediatrics: Child and Youth Health, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand.
Ph: +649236451, Fax:+64 9 373 7602,Email: p.ellwood@auckland.ac.nz
27/08/2015
001
001
02
004
1
D0100100102.csv 01 000435
D0200100102.csv 02 000416
D0300100102.csv 03 002516

This shows that:

  • The file is a DATA HEADER (version 2)
  • It was prepared by Philippa Ellwood
  • It was written on 27 August 2015
  • It is from COUNTRY 001 (New Zealand)
  • It is from CENTRE 001 (Auckland)
  • It is version 02 of the data
  • There are 4 files being sent to the GAN Global Centre
  • It is a Phase One study
  • There are three data files containing data on 435 adolescent subjects, 416 child subjects and 2,516 adult subjects respectively

Note that the line containing the address information and the line containing the telephone, fax and email information have wrapped to a second line in this example. In the actual DATA HEADER each would occupy a single line of up to 255 characters.

19.4.3  Form header

The FORM HEADER is the first line of information in each text format data file. If a centre sends the data as a spreadsheet, the FORM HEADER should occupy the top left cell of the spreadsheet with the remaining cells on the first row left blank. If a centre sends the data as a database file, the FORM HEADER should be omitted from the file but the information contained in the FORM HEADER, including identification of the file to which it applies, should be included in correspondence to the GAN Global Centre.

The FORM HEADER includes the following information:

Name

Specification and Codes

Columns

FORM

Identifies that this is a FORM HEADER          HDRFORM

1 to 7

VERSION

FORM HEADER version                                   02

8 to 9

HDFORM

Form identification of the following forms        01, 02, or 03

10 to 11

HDVERSN

Form version of the following forms                  1

12

HDNMFRM

Number of records of type HDFORM in this file

13 to 18

None of the characters in the FORM HEADER should be left blank.

HDFORM is the code that identifies the form used to structure the data in the file. For all data this will be 01, 02, or 03 unless the principal collaborator and the GAN Global Centre have agreed to use a different, centre specific form.

The number of records (HDNMFRM) included in the FORM HEADER should be consistent with the number of records included in the DATA HEADER for the data file.

An example of a FORM HEADER:

HDRFORM02011002557

This shows that:
This is a FORM HEADER
This is version 02 of the FORM HEADER
The DATA file uses FORM 01 version 1 to structure the data
The DATA file contains 2557 records (with leading zeros)

19.5  Coding of data

19.5.1 Coding of data for the 13/14 year age group

DATA COLLECTION

QUESTIONNAIRE DATA FOR THE ADOLESCENT GROUP

Form: 01
Version 1

Item

Name

Specification and Codes

Question #

1

FORM

Questionnaire age group        THIS IS FORM TYPE 01
01 = All questionnaire data 13/14 age group CODE 01 HERE

2

VERSION

Form version   1

3

COUNTRY

Country code

4

CENTRE

Centre code

5

SCHOOL

School identification number

6

SERIAL

Serial number of respondent

7

SERIALA1

Serial number of adult caregiver 1

8

SERIALA2

Serial number of adult caregiver 2

9

DINT

Date of interview / receiving response
Use ddmmyyyy where:
dd = Day
mm = Month
yyyy = Year
Use code 99 or 9999 if information is not available for any of these components

10

AGE

The actual age of the child / respondent (years)
Use code 99 for an invalid response

11

DBIRTH

Date of birth of the child / respondent.
Use ddmmyyyy where:
dd = Day
mm = Month
yyyy = Year
Use code 99 or 9999 if information is not available for any of these components

12

SEX

Sex of the child / respondent
1 = Male
2 = Female
9 = Any other response

13

WEIGHT

Weight of the respondent
_______kg/stone/pounds
(Please circle the measurement you used)
Note: Use code ‘999’ for an invalid response.

14

WGTUNIT

Measurement used for respondent weight.
1 = Kilograms
2 = Stone
3 = Pounds
4 = Pounds and ounces
9 = Any other response
Note: If you use kilograms or stone or pounds and
decimal places are necessary, please ensure that
you use only the period (.) as the decimal
placeholder, and that you include a maximum of
one decimal place.
Note: If you use pounds and ounces, please separate
the two components with an underscore
character (e.g. 8_3 for 8 pounds, 3 ounces).

15

HEIGHT

Height of the respondent
_______m/cm/feet/inches
(Please circle the measurement you used)
Note: Use code ‘999’ for an invalid response.

16

HGTUNIT

Measurement used for respondent height.
1 = Metres
2 = Centimetres
3 = Feet and inches
4 = Inches
9 = Any other response
Note: If you use metres or feet and inches and
decimal places are necessary, please ensure that
you use only the period (.) as the decimal
placeholder, and that you include a maximum of
two decimal places.

17

LANGUAGE

Language of the questionnaire

Use a three digit code for each language used in the centre from the list in section 20.3. If an appropriate language code is not available, please contact the GAN Global Centre (contact number section 21) to request a code number for your language.

18

WHEZEV

Have you ever had wheezing or whistling in the chest at any time in the past?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

1

19

WHEZ12

Have you had wheezing or whistling in the chest in the past 12 months?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

2

20

NWHEZ12

How many attacks of wheezing have you had in the past 12 months?
1 = None
2 = 1 to 3
3 = 4 to 12
4 = More than 12
9 = Any other response

3

21

AWAKE12

In the past 12 months, how often, on average, has your sleep been disturbed due to wheezing?
1 = Never woken with wheezing
2 = Less than one night per week
3 = One or more nights per week
9 = Any other response

4

22

SPEECH12

In the past 12 months, has wheezing ever been severe enough to limit your speech to only one or two words at a time between breaths?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

5

23

ASTHMAEV

 Have you ever had asthma?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

6

24

ASTHDOC

Was asthma confirmed by a doctor?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

7

25

ASTHPLAN

Do you have a written plan which tells you how to look after your asthma?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

8

26

MEDPUFF

Have you used any inhaled medicines e.g. puffers (use local terminology) to help your breathing problems at any time in the past 12 months? (when you didn’t have a cold)
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

 

 

9

27

SABAFREQ

Please indicate how often you used of each of the inhaled medicines listed below in the past 12 months:

Short Acting β-Agonists (SABA):
Frequency
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

9a

28

LABAFREQ

Long Acting β-Agonists (LABA):
Frequency
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

29

ICSFREQ

Inhaled Corticosteroids (ICS):
Frequency 1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

30

COMBFREQ

Combination ICS and LABA:
Frequency
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

31

MEDPILL

Have you used any tablets, capsules, liquids or other medicines e.g. pills (use local terminology) that you swallowed to help your breathing at any time in the past 12 months? (when you didn’t have a cold)
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

10

Please indicate how often you used of each of the tablets, capsules, liquids or         other medicines e.g. pills (use local terminology) listed below in the past 12 months:

10a

32

MEDPIL1a

Name [1]
Note: Please enter the local brand name that relates to this question.

33

MEDPIL1b

Frequency [1]
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

34

MEDPIL2a

Name [2]
Note: Please enter the local brand name that relates to this question.

35

MEDPIL2b

Frequency [2]
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

36

MEDPIL3a

Name [3]
Note: Please enter the local brand name that relates to this question.

37

MEDPIL3b

Frequency [3]
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

38

MEDPIL4a

Name [4]
Note: Please enter the local brand name that relates to this question.

39

MEDPIL4b

Frequency [4]
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

Note: If you require more columns to accommodate more medicine names, please follow the naming convention above where MEDPILxa is the name of the medicine and MEDPILxb is the frequency of that medicine, and x is a sequential number uniquely identifying each variable. Use the existing codes to code each question:
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

40

DOCBRT12

In the past 12 months, how many times have you urgently been to a doctor because of breathing problems?
1 = None
2 = 1 to 3
3 = 4 to 12
4 = More than 12
9 = Any other response

11

41

ERBRTH12

In the past 12 months, how many times have you urgently been to an Emergency Department without being admitted to hospital because of breathing problems?
1 = None
2 = 1 to 3
3 = 4 to 12
4 = More than 12
9 = Any other response

12

42

HOSBRT12

In the past 12 months how many times have you been admitted to hospital because of breathing problems.
1 = None
2 = 1
3 = 2
4 = More than 2
9 = Any other response

13

43

SCHOOL12

In the past 12 months, how many days (or part days) of school have you missed because of breathing problems?
1 = None
2 = 1 to 3
3 = 4 to 12
4 = More than 12
9 = Any other response

14

44

EXWHEZ12

In the past 12 months, has your chest sounded wheezy during or after exercise?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

15

45

COUGH12

In the past 12 months, have you had a dry cough at night, apart from a cough associated with a cold or chest infection?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

16

46

PNOSEEV

 Have you ever had a problem with sneezing or a runny or blocked nose when you DID NOT have a cold or the flu?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

17

47

PNOSE12

In the past 12 months, have you had a problem with sneezing or a runny or blocked nose when you DID NOT have a cold or the flu?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

18

48

IITCH12

In the past 12 months, has this nose problem been accompanied by an itchy nose?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

19

49

IEYES12

In the past 12 months, has this nose problem been accompanied by itchy-watery eyes?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

20

50

IACTIV12

In the past 12 months, how much did this nose problem interfere with your daily activities?
1 = Not at all
2 = A little
3 = A moderate amount
4 = A lot
9 = Any other response

21

51

HFEVEREV

 Have you ever had hay fever?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

22

52

HFEVDOC

Was your hay fever confirmed by a doctor?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

23

53

RASHEV

 Have you ever had an itchy rash which was coming and going for at least six months?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

24

54

RASH12

 Have you had this itchy rash at any time in the past 12 months?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

25

55

SITESEV

Has this itchy rash at any time affected any of the following places: the folds of the elbows, behind the knees, in front of the ankles, under the buttocks, or around the neck, ears or eyes?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

26

56

RCLEAR12

Has this itchy rash cleared completely at any time during the past 12 months?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

27

57

RAWAKE12

In the past 12 months, how often on average, have you been kept awake at night by this itchy rash?
1 = Never in the past 12 months
2 = Less than one night per week
3 = One or more nights per week
9 = Any other response

28

58

ECZEMAEV

 Have you ever had eczema?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

29

59

ECZEDOC

Was your eczema confirmed by a doctor?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

30

60

EXERCISE

How many times a week do you engage in vigorous physical activity long enough to make you breathe hard?
1 = Never or occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Three or more times per week
9 = Any other response

31

61

TELEVIS

During a normal week of 7 days, how many hours a day (24 hours) do you watch television? (include DVD’s films, videos)
1 = Less than 1 hour
2 = 1 hour but less than 3 hours
3 = 3 hours but less than 5 hours
4 = 5 hours or more
9 = Any other response

32

62

COMPUTER

During a normal week of 7 days, how many hours a day (24 hours) do you spend on any of the following: computer (include PlayStation, smartphone, tablet); the internet (include Chat, Facebook, games, Twitter, YouTube) and more?
1 = Less than 1 hour
2 = 1 hour but less than 3 hours
3 = 3 hours but less than 5 hours
4 = 5 hours or more
9 = Any other response

33

63

TWIN

Are you a twin?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

34

64

OLDSIBS

How many older brothers and/or sisters do you have?
Note: Use code ‘99’ for an invalid response.

35

65

YNGSIBS

How many younger brothers and/or sisters do you have?
Note: Use code ‘99’ for an invalid response.

36

66

CNTRYBIR

Were you born in [country of survey]?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

37

67

CBIROTH

If NO, what country were you born in?
Note: Please enter the country name specified. Leave blank if no country was specified, or an illegible or invalid response was provided.

37a

68

YRSLIVED

How many years have you lived in [country of survey]?
Note: Use code ‘99’ for an invalid response.

38

69

TRUCFREQ

How often do trucks pass through the street where you live on weekdays?
1 = Never
2 = Seldom (not often)
3 = Frequently through the day
4 = Almost the whole day
9 = Any other response

39

70

MEAT

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat meat (e.g. beef, lamb, chicken, pork)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

40

71

SEAFOOD

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat seafood (including fish)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

72

FRUIT

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat fruit?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

73

VEGECOOK

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat cooked vegetables (green and root)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

74

VEGERAW

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat raw vegetables (green and root)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

75

PULSES

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat pulses (peas, beans, lentils)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

76

CEREALS

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat cereals (excluding bread)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

77

BREAD

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat bread?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

78

PASTA

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat pasta?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

79

RICE

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat rice?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

80

MARGARIN

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat margarine?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

81

BUTTER

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat butter?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

82

OLIVEOIL

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat Olive Oil?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

83

MILK

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you drink milk (including flavoured milk)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

84

DAIRYOTH

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat other dairy products (including cheese or yoghurt)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

85

EGGS

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat eggs?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

86

NUTS

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat nuts?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

87

POTATO

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat potatoes?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

88

SUGAR

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat sugar (including lollies, candies, sweets)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

89

BURGER

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat fast food/burgers?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

90

FASTFOOD

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat fast food excluding burgers?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

91

SOFTDRNK

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you drink fizzy or soft drinks (include local terminology)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

92

PARANOW

In the past 12 months, how often, on average, have you taken paracetamol (use local terminology e.g. Acetaminophen, Panadol, Pamol, Tylenol) for fever?
1 = Never
2 = At least once a year
3 = At least once per month
9 = Any other response

41

93

CATNOW

In the past 12 months, have you had a cat in your home?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

42

94

DOGNOW

In the past 12 months, have you had a dog in your home?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

43

95

TOBACEVA

In the past, have you smoked tobacco on a daily basis, less than daily, or not at all?
1 = Not at all
2 = Less than daily
3 = Daily
9 = Any other response

44

96

TOBACNOW

Do you currently smoke tobacco on a daily basis, less than daily, or not at all?
1 = Not at all
2 = Less than daily
3 = Daily
9 = Any other response

45

97

TOBACAGE

If you have smoked tobacco ever, either daily or less than daily, at what age did you first smoke cigarettes, cigars, or pipe?
Note: Use code ‘99’ for an invalid response.
Note: Use code ‘99’ for not applicable

46

98

TOBACNUM

On average over the entire time you have smoked, how many cigarettes, cigars, or pipe did you smoke each day?
Note: Use code ‘99’ for an invalid response.
Note: Use code ‘99’ for not applicable

47

99

TOBACNAR

Do you smoke water pipe (use local terminology e.g. bong, crack pipe, hookah, hubble-bubble, narghile, shisha, vapourizer, water vapour) at home?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

48

Code 9 for the following 15 variables (items 98 to 112) if the child / respondent has not seen the video questionnaire.

100

BRTHEV

Has your breathing been like this at any time in your life?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

49

101

BRTH12

Has your breathing been like this in the past year?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

102

BRTH1M

Has your breathing been like this one or more times a month?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

103

EXBRTHEV

Has your breathing been like the boy’s in the dark shirt following exercise at any time in your life?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

50

104

EXBRTH12

Has your breathing been like the boy’s in the dark shirt following exercise in the past year?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

105

EXBRTH1M

Has your breathing been like the boy’s in the dark shirt following exercise one or more times a month?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

106

WWOKENEV

Have you been woken like this at night at any time in your life?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

51

107

WWOKEN12

Have you been woken like this at night in the past year?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

108

WWOKEN1M

Have you been woken like this at night one or more times a month?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

109

CWOKENEV

Have you been woken like this at night at any time in your life?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

52

110

CWOKEN12

Have you been woken like this at night in the past year?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

111

CWOKEN1M

Have you been woken like this at night one or more times a month?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

112

SABRTHEV

Has your breathing been like this at any time in your life?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

53

113

SABRTH12

Has your breathing been like this in the past year?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

114

SABRTH1M

Has your breathing been like this one or more times a month?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

19.5.2 Coding of data for the 6/7 year age group

DATA COLLECTION

QUESTIONNAIRE DATA FOR THE CHILD GROUP

Form: 02
Version 1

Item

Name

Specification and Codes

Question #

1

FORM

Questionnaire age group        THIS IS FORM TYPE 02
02 = All questionnaire data 6/7 age group
CODE 02 HERE

2

VERSION

Form version   1

3

COUNTRY

Country code

4

CENTRE

Centre code

5

SCHOOL

School identification number

6

SERIAL

Serial number of respondent

7

SERIALA1

Serial number of adult caregiver 1

8

SERIALA2

Serial number of adult caregiver 2

9

DINT

Date of interview / receiving response
Use ddmmyyyy where:
dd = Day
mm = Month
yyyy = Year
Use code 99 or 9999 if information is not available for any of these components

10

AGE

The actual age of the child / respondent (years)
Use code 99 for an invalid response

11

DBIRTH

Date of birth of the child / respondent
Use ddmmyyyy where:
dd = Day
mm = Month
yyyy = Year
Use code 99 or 9999 if information is not available for any of these components

12

SEX

Sex of the child / respondent
1 = Male
2 = Female
9 = Any other response

13

WEIGHT

Weight of the child / respondent
_______kg/stone/pounds
(Please circle the measurement you used)
Note: Use code ‘999’ for an invalid response.

14

WGTUNIT

Measurement used for child / respondent weight.
1 = Kilograms
2 = Stone
3 = Pounds
4 = Pounds and ounces
9 = Any other response
Note: If you use kilograms or stone or pounds and
decimal places are necessary, please ensure that
you use only the period (.) as the decimal
placeholder, and that you include a maximum of
one decimal place.
Note: If you use pounds and ounces, please separate
the two components with an underscore
character (e.g. 8_3 for 8 pounds, 3 ounces).

15

HEIGHT

Height of the child / respondent
_______m/cm/feet/inches
(Please circle the measurement you used)
Note: Use code ‘999’ for an invalid response.

16

HGTUNIT

Measurement used for child / respondent height.
1 = Metres
2 = Centimetres
3 = Feet and inches
4 = Inches
9 = Any other response
Note: If you use metres or feet and inches and
decimal places are necessary, please ensure that
you use only the period (.) as the decimal
placeholder, and that you include a maximum of
two decimal places.

17

LANGUAGE

Language of the questionnaire
Use a three digit code for each language used in the centre from the list in section 20.3. If an appropriate language code is not available, please contact the GAN Global Centre (contact number section 21) to request a code number for your language.

18

WHEZEV

Has this child ever had wheezing or whistling in the chest at any time in the past?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

1

19

WHEZAGE

IF YOU ANSWERED “YES” – How old was this child when the wheezing or whistling started?
1 = Less than one year
2 = 1 to 2
3 = 3 to 4
4 = 5 to 6
5 = More than 6 years
9 = Any other response

2

20

WHEZ12

Has this child had wheezing or whistling in the chest in the past 12 months?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

3

21

NWHEZ12

How many attacks of wheezing has this child had in the past 12 months?
1 = None
2 = 1 to 3
3 = 4 to 12
4 = More than 12
9 = Any other response

4

22

AWAKE12

In the past 12 months, how often, on average, has this child’s sleep been disturbed due to wheezing?
1 = Never woken with wheezing
2 = Less than one night per week
3 = One or more nights per week
9 = Any other response

5

23

SPEECH12

In the past 12 months, has wheezing ever been severe enough to limit this child’s speech to only one or two words at a time between breaths?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

6

24

ASTHMAEV

Has this child ever had asthma?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

7

25

ASTHDOC

Was this child’s asthma confirmed by a doctor?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

8

26

ASTHPLAN

Does this child have a written plan which tells you/him/her how to look after his/her asthma?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

9

27

MEDPUFF

Has this child used any inhaled medicines e.g. puffers (use local terminology) to help his/her breathing problems at any time in the past 12 months? (when he/she did not have a cold)
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

10

28

SABAFREQ

Please indicate how often this child used each of the inhaled medicines listed below in the past 12 months:

Short Acting β-Agonists (SABA):
Frequency
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

10a

29

LABAFREQ

Long Acting β-Agonists (LABA):
Frequency
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

30

ICSFREQ

Inhaled Corticosteroids (ICS):
Frequency
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

31

COMBFREQ

Combination ICS and LABA:
Frequency
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

32

MEDPILL

Has this child used any tablets, capsules, liquids or other medicines e.g. pills (use local terminology) that he/she swallowed to help his/her breathing at any time in the past 12 months? (when he/she did not have a cold)
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

11

33

MEDPIL1a

Please indicate how often this child used each of the tablets, capsules, liquids or     other medicines e.g. pills (use local terminology) listed below in the past 12 months:

Name [1]
Note: Please enter the local brand name that relates to this question.

11a

34

MEDPIL1b

Frequency [1]
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

35

MEDPIL2a

Name [2]
Note: Please enter the local brand name that relates to this question.

36

MEDPIL2b

Frequency [2]
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

37

MEDPIL3a

Name [3]
Note: Please enter the local brand name that relates to this question.

38

MEDPIL3b

Frequency [3]
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

39

MEDPIL4a

Name [4]
Note: Please enter the local brand name that relates to this question.

40

MEDPIL4b

Frequency [4]
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

Note: If you require more columns to accommodate more medicine names, please follow the naming convention above where MEDPILxa is the name of the medicine and MEDPILxb is the frequency that medicine, and x is a sequential number uniquely identifying each variable. Use the existing codes to code each question:
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

41

DOCBRT12

In the past 12 months, how many times have you urgently taken this child to a doctor because of his/her breathing problems?
1 = None
2 = 1 to 3
3 = 4 to 12
4 = More than 12
9 = Any other response

12

42

ERBRTH12

In the past 12 months, how many times have you urgently taken this child to an Emergency Department without being admitted to hospital because of his/her breathing problems?
1 = None
2 = 1 to 3
3 = 4 to 12
4 = More than 12
9 = Any other response

13

43

HOSBRT12

In the past 12 months how many times has this child been admitted to hospital because of his/her breathing problems.
1 = None
2 = 1
3 = 2
4 = More than 2
9 = Any other response

14

44

SCHOOL12

In the past 12 months, how many days (or part days) of school has this child missed because of his/her breathing problems?
1 = None
2 = 1 to 3
3 = 4 to 12
4 = More than 12
9 = Any other response

15

45

EXWHEZ12

In the past 12 months, has this child’s chest sounded wheezy during or after exercise?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

16

46

COUGH12

In the past 12 months, has this child had a dry cough at night, apart from a cough associated with a cold or chest infection?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

17

47

PNOSEEV

Has this child ever had a problem with sneezing or a runny or blocked nose when he / she DID NOT have a cold or the flu?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

18

48

PNOSEAGE

IF YOU ANSWERED “YES” – How old was this child when the nose problem started?
1 = Less than one year
2 = 1 to 2
3 = 3 to 4
4 = 5 to 6
5 = More than 6 years
9 = Any other response

19

49

PNOSE12

In the past 12 months, has this child had a problem with sneezing or a runny or blocked nose when he / she DID NOT have a cold or the flu?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

20

50

IITCH12

In the past 12 months, has this child’s nose problem been accompanied by an itchy nose?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

21

51

IEYES12

In the past 12 months, has this child’s nose problem been accompanied by itchy-watery eyes?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

22

52

IACTIV12

In the past 12 months, how much did this child’s nose problem interfere with his/her daily activities?
1 = Not at all
2 = A little
3 = A moderate amount
4 = A lot
9 = Any other response

23

53

HFEVEREV

Has this child ever had hay fever?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

24

54

HFEVDOC

Was this child’s hay fever confirmed by a doctor?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

25

55

RASHEV

Has this child ever had an itchy rash which was coming and going for at least six months?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

26

56

RASH12

Has this child had this itchy rash at any time in the past 12 months?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

27

57

SITESEV

Has this itchy rash at any time affected any of the following places: the folds of the elbows, behind the knees, in front of the ankles, under the buttocks, or around the neck, ears or eyes?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

28

58

RASHAGE

At what age did this child’s itchy rash first occur?
1 = Under 2 years
2 = Age 2-4 years
3 = Age 5 or more
9 = Any other response

29

59

RCLEAR12

Has this child’s rash cleared completely at any time during the past 12 months?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

30

60

RAWAKE12

In the past 12 months, how often on average, has this child been kept awake at night by this itchy rash?
1 = Never in the past 12 months
2 = Less than one night per week
3 = One or more nights per week
9 = Any other response

31

61

ECZEMAEV

Has this child ever had eczema?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

32

62

ECZEDOC

Was this child’s eczema confirmed by a doctor?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

33

63

MPARAPRG

How often, on average, did this child’s Mother take paracetamol in the pregnancy that she had with this child?  
1 = Never
2 = At least once in pregnancy
3 = At least once a month
4 = More often
5 = Don’t know
9 = Any other response

34

64

ANIMOTH

Did this child’s mother have regular (at least once a week) contact with farm animals (e.g. cattle, pigs, goats, sheep or poultry; use local terminology) while being pregnant with this child?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

35

65

MSMOKPRG

Did this child’s Mother smoke during her pregnancy with this child?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

36

66

MPCAR01

Was there carpet in the house while this child’s Mother was pregnant with this child? (tick as many as are applicable)

No carpet in the house
1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

37

67

MPCAR02

Mother’s bedroom
1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

68

MPCAR03

Living room
1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

69

MPCAR04

Other room/s
1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

70

CHPREM

Was this child born prematurely (more than 3 weeks before he/she was expected)?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

38

71

BWEIGHT

What was the weight of this child when he/she was born?   _______kg/stone/pounds
(Please circle the measurement you used)
Note: Use code ‘99’ for an invalid response.

39

72

BWGTUNIT

Measurement used for birth weight.
1 = Kilograms
2 = Stone
3 = Pounds
4 = Pounds and ounces
9 = Any other response
Note: If you use kilograms or stone or pounds and
decimal places are necessary, please ensure that
you use only the period (.) as the decimal
placeholder, and that you include a maximum of
one decimal place.
Note: If you use pounds and ounces, please separate
the two components with an underscore
character (e.g. 8_3 for 8 pounds, 3 ounces).

73

BRSTFED

Was this child ever breastfed?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

40

74

NBRSTFED

For how long was this child breastfed?
1 = Less than 6 months
2 = 6-12 months
3 = More than 12 months
9 = Any other response

40a

75

NBRSTEXC

For how long was this child breastfed without adding other foods or liquids?
1 = Less than 2 months
2 = 2-4 months
3 = 5-6 months
4 = More than 6 months
9 = Any other response

40b

76

MILKYNGa

In this child’s first 12 months of life what kind of milk did this child drink most often?
1-6 months
1 = Breast milk                                   
2 = Infant formula                              
3 = Homogenised or full cream pasteurised milk from the shop         
4 = Low fat or skimmed pasteurised milk from the shop
5 = Long life milk (UHT)                                
6 = Boiled milk, fresh from the farm                         
7 = Unboiled milk, fresh from the farm                     
8 = Soy milk, goats milk                                
9 = None of the above                                   
10 = Don’t know
99 = Any other response

41

77

MILKYNGb

7-12 months
1 = Breast milk                                   
2 = Infant formula                              
3 = Homogenised or full cream pasteurised milk from the shop         
4 = Low fat or skimmed pasteurised milk from the shop
5 = Long life milk (UHT)                                
6 = Boiled milk, fresh from the farm                         
7 = Unboiled milk, fresh from the farm                     
8 = Soy milk, goats milk                                
9 = None of the above                                   
10 = Don’t know
99 = Any other response

78

PARAYNG

In the first 12 months of this child’s life, did you usually give paracetamol (use local terminology e.g. Acetaminophen, Panadol, Tylenol) for fever?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

42

79

NCHSTYNG

How many chest infections did this child have in his/her first year of life?
1 = None
2 = 1
3 = 2-5
4 = 6 or more
9 = Any other response

43

80

ANTIBIOT

In the first 12 months of life, did this child have any antibiotics?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

44

81

NANTBIOT

How many courses of antibiotics did this child have?
1 = 1
2 = 2-5
3 = 6 or more
9 = Any other response

44a

82

ANTBIOCH

Were any antibiotics taken to treat chest infections?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

44b

83

SHEEPYNG

Did this child lie on a sheepskin as an infant?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

45

84

CATYNG

Did you have a cat in your home during the first year of this child’s life?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

46

85

DOGYNG

Did you have a dog in your home during the first year of this child’s life?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

47

86

ANIYNG

In this child’s first year of life did this child have regular (at least once a week) contact with farm animals (e.g. cows, cattle, pigs, goats, sheep or poultry; use local terminology)?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

48

87

WHEEZYNG

Did this child suffer from wheezing or whistling in the chest during his/her first year of life?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

49

88

MEDYNG

Was this child treated with inhaled and/or oral medicines to help his/her breathing during his/her first year of life? (when he/she did not have a cold)        
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

50

89

MEDYNG1

Please indicate how often you used of each of the inhaled and/or oral medicines listed below during his/her first year of life:

Inhaled SABA:
Frequency
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

50a

90

MEDYNG2

Inhaled ICS:
Frequency
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

91

MEDYNG3

Oral SABA:
Frequency
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

92

MEDYNG4

Oral ICS:
Frequency
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

93

MEDYNG5

Theophylline:
Frequency
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

94

MEDYNG6

Montelukast:
Frequency
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

95

MEDYNG7

Antibiotics:
Frequency
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

96

CHCARYNG

Did this child ever go to out of home care (such as a child care facility or nursery school) when he/she was younger than 3 years of age? (use local terminology)
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

51

97

CHCRYNGY

If yes, from what age Years______________
Note: Use code ‘99’ for an invalid response

51a

98

CHCRYNGM

Months_______________
Note: Use code ‘99’ for an invalid response

99

CHCAROLD

Did this child ever go to out of home care (such as a kindergarten/playcentre, preschool) when he/she was older than three years of age? (use local terminology)
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

52

100

CHCROLDY

If yes, from what age Years______________
Note: Use code ‘99’ for an invalid response.

52a

101

CHCROLDM

Months_______________
Note: Use code ‘99’ for an invalid response

102

EXERCISE

How many times a week does this child engage in vigorous physical activity long enough to make him / her / breathe hard?
1 = Never or occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Three or more times per week
9 = Any other response

53

103

TELEVIS

During a normal week of 7 days, how many hours a day (24 hours) does this child watch television? (include DVD’s films, videos)
1 = Less than 1 hour
2 = 1 hour but less than 3 hours
3 = 3 hours but less than 5 hours
4 = 5 hours or more
9 = Any other response

54

104

COMPUTER

During a normal week of 7 days, how many hours a day (24 hours) does this child spend on the computer (including PlayStation, smartphone tablet), or on the internet (include Chat, Facebook, games, Twitter, YouTube)?
1 = Less than 1 hour
2 = 1 hour but less than 3 hours
3 = 3 hours but less than 5 hours
4 = 5 hours or more
9 = Any other response

55

105

PNEUMON

Has this child ever been diagnosed with pneumonia or bronchopneumonia?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

56

106

TWIN

Is this child a twin?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

57

107

OLDSIBS

How many older brothers and/or sisters does this child have?
Note: Use code ‘99’ for an invalid response.

58

108

YNGSIBS

How many younger brothers and/or sisters does this child have?
Note: Use code ‘99’ for an invalid response.

59

109

CNTRYBIR

Was this child born in [country of survey]?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

60

110

CBIROTH

If NO, what country was this child born in?
Note: Please enter the country name specified. Leave blank if no country was specified, or an illegible or invalid response was provided.

60a

111

YRSLIVED

How many years has this child lived in
[country of survey]?
Note: Use code ‘99’ for an invalid response.

61

112

CHFLR01

What kind of floor covering is or was there in this child’s bedroom at the following times (tick as many as are applicable)
Wall to wall carpet. Enter:
1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

For each of the four options (Never, At this time, During the first year of this child, At some other time) E.g. for: "At this time" and "During the first year of this child" enter: 2122

62

113

CHFLR02

Smooth floor (vinyl/linoleum, tiles, wood, concrete, etc.,) without a rug
Enter:
1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

For each of the four options (Never, At this time, During the first year of this child, At some other time) E.g. for: "At this time" and "During the first year of this child" enter: 2122

114

CHFLR03

Smooth floor (vinyl/linoleum, tiles, wood, concrete, etc.,) with a rug
Enter:
1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

For each of the four options (Never, At this time, During the first year of this child, At some other time) E.g. for: "At this time" and "During the first year of this child" enter: 2122

115

CHFLR04

No covering – soil or dirt
Enter:
1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

For each of the four options (Never, At this time, During the first year of this child, At some other time) E.g. for: "At this time" and "During the first year of this child" enter: 2122

116

CHHMCHNG

Have you made any changes in your home to prevent the symptoms of allergies or asthma, or breathing problems in this child?
1 = Yes
2 = No
3 = Not applicable
9 = Any other response

63

117

TRUCFREQ

How often do trucks pass through the street where you
live on weekdays?
1 = Never
2 = Seldom (not often)
3 = Frequently through the day
4 = Almost the whole day
9 = Any other response

64

118

MEAT

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did this child eat meat (e.g. beef, lamb, chicken, pork)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

65

119

SEAFOOD

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did this child eat seafood (including fish)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

120

FRUIT

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did this child eat fruit?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

121

VEGECOOK

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did this child eat cooked vegetables (green and root)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

122

VEGERAW

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did this child eat raw vegetables (green and root)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

123

PULSES

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did this child eat pulses (peas, beans, lentils)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

124

CEREALS

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did this child eat cereals (excluding bread)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

125

BREAD

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did this child eat bread?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

126

PASTA

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did this child eat pasta?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

127

RICE

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did this child eat rice?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

128

MARGARIN

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did this child eat margarine?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

129

BUTTER

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did this child eat butter?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

130

OLIVEOIL

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did this child eat Olive Oil?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

131

MILK

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did this child drink milk (including flavoured milk)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

132

DAIRYOTH

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did this child eat other dairy products (including cheese or yoghurt)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

133

EGGS

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did this child eat eggs?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

134

NUTS

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did this child eat nuts?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

135

POTATO

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did this child eat potatoes?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

136

SUGAR

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did this child eat sugar (including lollies, candies, sweets)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

137

BURGER

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did this child eat fast food/burgers?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

138

FASTFOOD

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did this child eat fast food excluding burgers?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

139

SOFTDRNK

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did this child drink fizzy or soft drinks (include local terminology)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

140

CATNOW

In the past 12 months, have you had a cat in your home?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

66

141

DOGNOW

In the past 12 months, have you had a dog in your home?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

67

142

PARANOW

In the past 12 months, how often, on average, have you given this child paracetamol (use local terminology e.g. Acetaminophen, Panadol, Pamol, Tylenol) for fever?
1 = Never
2 = At least once a year
3 = At least once per month
9 = Any other response

68

19.5.3 Coding of data for the adult age group

DATA COLLECTION

QUESTIONNAIRE DATA FOR THE ADULT GROUP

Form: 03 or 04
Version 1

Item

Name

Specification and Codes

Question #

1

FORM

Questionnaire age group   THIS IS FORM TYPE 03 / 04
03 = All questionnaire data from adults  of 13-14 year old students CODE 03 HERE
04 = All questionnaire data from adults of 6-7 year old students CODE 04 HERE

2

VERSION

Form version   1

3

COUNTRY

Country code

4

CENTRE

Centre code

5

SCHOOL

School identification number

6

SERIAL

Serial number of respondent

7

DINT

Date of interview / receiving response
Use ddmmyyyy where:
dd = Day
mm = Month
yyyy = Year
Use code 99 or 9999 if information is not available for any of these components

8

AGE

The actual age of the respondent (years)
Use code 99 for an invalid response

9

DBIRTH

Date of birth of the respondent
Use ddmmyyyy where:
dd = Day
mm = Month
yyyy = Year
Use code 99 or 9999 if information is not available for any of these components

10

SEX

Sex of the respondent
1 = Male
2 = Female
9 = Any other response

11

RELAT

Relationship to the child who brought this questionnaire home from school
1 = Parent
2 = Grandparent
3 = Other
9 = Any other response

12

RELATOTH

Other relationship to the child
Note: Please enter the relationship name specified. Leave blank if no relationship was specified, or an illegible or invalid response was provided.

13

LANGUAGE

Language of the questionnaire
Use a three digit code for each language used in the centre from the list in section 20.3. If an appropriate language code is not available, please contact the GAN Global Centre (contact number section 21) to request a code number for your language.

14

ADBRTHEV

Do you ever have trouble with your breathing?
1= never
2= only rarely
3= repeatedly, but it always gets completely better
4= continuously, so that your breathing is never quite right
9= Any other response

1

15

WHEZ12

Have you had wheezing or whistling in your chest at any time in the past 12 months?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

2

16

NWHEZ12

How many attacks of wheezing have you had in the past 12 months?
1 = None
2 = 1 to 3
3 = 4 to 12
4 = More than 12
9 = Any other response

3

17

AWAKE12

In the past 12 months, how often, on average, has your sleep been disturbed due to wheezing?
1 = Never woken with wheezing
2 = Less than one night per week
3 = One or more nights per week
9 = Any other response

4

18

ADBRTHLS

Have you ever been breathless when the wheezing noise was present?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

5

19

ADWOKE12

In the past 12 months, how often, on average, has your sleep been disturbed due to shortness of breath?
1 = Never
2 = Less than one night per week
3 = One or more nights per week
9 = Any other response

6

20

ADCOUH12

In the past 12 months, how often, on average, has your sleep been disturbed due to coughing?
1 = Never
2 = Less than one night per week
3 = One or more nights per week
9 = Any other response

7

21

SPEECH12

In the past 12 months, has wheezing ever been severe enough to limit your speech to only one or two words at a time between breaths?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

8

22

ASTHMAEV

Have you ever had asthma?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

9

23

ASTHDOC

Was your asthma confirmed by a doctor?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

10

24

ASTHPLAN

Do you have a written plan which tells you how to look after your asthma?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

11

25

ASTHAGE

How old were you when you had your first attack of asthma?
Note: Use code ‘99’ for an invalid response.

12

26

ASTHMA12

Have you had an attack of asthma in the past 12 months?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

13

27

MEDPUFF

Have you used any inhaled medicines e.g. puffers (use local terminology) to help your breathing at any time in the past 12 months? (when you did not have a cold)
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

14

28

SABAFREQ

Please indicate how often you used of each of the inhaled medicines listed below in the past 12 months:

Short Acting β-Agonists (SABA):
Frequency
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

14a

29

LABAFREQ

Long Acting β-Agonists (LABA):
Frequency
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

30

ICSFREQ

Inhaled Corticosteroids (ICS):
Frequency 1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

31

COMBFREQ

Combination ICS and LABA:
Frequency [4]
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

32

MEDPILL

Have you used any tablets, capsules, liquids or other medicines e.g. pills (use local terminology) that you swallowed to help your breathing at any time in the past 12 months? (when you didn’t have a cold)
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

15

33

MEDPIL1a

Please indicate how often you used of each of the tablets, capsules, liquids or other medicines e.g. pills (use local terminology) listed below in the past 12 months:

Name [1]
Note: Please enter the local brand name that relates to this question.

15a

34

MEDPIL1b

Frequency [1]
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

35

MEDPIL2a

Name [2]
Note: Please enter the local brand name that relates to this question.

36

MEDPIL2b

Frequency [2]
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

37

MEDPIL3a

Name [3]
Note: Please enter the local brand name that relates to this question.

38

MEDPIL3b

Frequency [3]
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

39

MEDPIL4a

Name [4]
Note: Please enter the local brand name that relates to this question.

40

MEDPIL4b

Frequency [4]
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

Note: If you require more columns to accommodate more medicine names, please follow the naming convention above where MEDPILxa is the name of the medicine and MEDPILxb is the frequency that medicine, and x is a sequential number uniquely identifying each variable. Use the existing codes to code each question:
1 = Only when needed
2 = In short courses
3 = Every day
9 = Any other response

41

DOCBRT12

In the past 12 months, how many times have you urgently been to a doctor because of your breathing problems?
1 = None
2 = 1 to 3
3 = 4 to 12
4 = More than 12
9 = Any other response

16

42

ERBRTH12

In the past 12 months, how many times have you urgently been to an Emergency Department without being admitted to hospital because of breathing problems?
1 = None
2 = 1 to 3
3 = 4 to 12
4 = More than 12
9 = Any other response

17

43

HOSBRT12

In the past 12 months how many times have you been admitted to hospital because of your breathing problems.
1 = None
2 = 1
3 = 2
4 = More than 2
9 = Any other response

18

44

SCHOOL12

In the past 12 months, how many days was your usual activity (at work or in the home) limited because you had breathing problems?
1 = None
2 = 1 to 3
3 = 4 to 12
4 = More than 12
9 = Any other response

19

45

JOBWHEEZ

Have you ever worked in any job that caused wheezing or whistling in your chest?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

20

46

NOJOBWHZ

Have you had to leave any of these jobs because they affected your breathing?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

20a

47

HFEVEREV

Have you ever had hay fever?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

21

48

HFEVDOC

Was your hay fever confirmed by a doctor?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

22

49

ECZEMAEV

Have you ever had eczema?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

23

50

ECZEDOC

Was your eczema confirmed by a doctor?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

24

51

ADEDU

What level of education have you received? (use local terminology)
1 = Primary school
2 = Secondary school
3 = College, University or other form of tertiary education
9 = Any other response

25

Does or did your home have visible moisture or mould spots on the walls or ceiling, anywhere in the home? (multiple answers are possible).

26

26a. Moisture or damp spots

26a

52

DAMPNOW

At this moment
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

53

DAMPPREG

During pregnancy of this child
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

54

DAMPYNG

During the first year of this child
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

55

DAMPOTH

At some other time
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

26b. Mould spots

26b

56

MOULDNOW

At this moment
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

57

MOULDPRG

During pregnancy of this child
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

58

MOULDYNG

During the first year of this child
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

59

MOULDOTH

At some other time
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

60

MOLDRM01

Where in the home do these moisture/damp/mould spots occur (more than one answer is possible)

Living room
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

27

61

MOLDRM02

Parent’s Bedroom
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

62

MOLDRM03

Your child’s Bedroom
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

63

MOLDRM04

Kitchen
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

64

MOLDRM05

Bathroom
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

65

MOLDRM06

Other
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

27

66

MOLDSIZE

Does the total area affected by all moisture/damp/mould spots exceed the size of one postcard?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

28

67

CFUEL01

What type of fuel does your household use daily for cooking:
No food cooked at home

1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

29

68

CFUEL02

What type of fuel does your household use daily for cooking:
Electricity

1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

69

CFUEL03

What type of fuel does your household use daily for cooking:
Liquefied petroleum gas

1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

70

CFUEL04

What type of fuel does your household use daily for cooking:
Natural gas

1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

71

CFUEL05

What type of fuel does your household use daily for cooking:
Biogas

1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

72

CFUEL06

What type of fuel does your household use daily for cooking:
Kerosene

1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

73

CFUEL07

What type of fuel does your household use daily for cooking:
Coal/lignite

1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

74

CFUEL08

What type of fuel does your household use daily for cooking:
Charcoal

1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

75

CFUEL09

What type of fuel does your household use daily for cooking:
Wood

1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

76

CFUEL10

What type of fuel does your household use daily for cooking:
Straw/shrubs/grass

1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

77

CFUEL11

What type of fuel does your household use daily for cooking:
Animal Dung

1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

78

CFUEL12

What type of fuel does your household use daily for cooking:
Agricultural crop residue

1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

79

CSTOVTYP

What type of stove is usually used for cooking?
1 = Open fire
2 = Surrounded fire
3 = Surrounded fire with sunken pot
4 = Stove with combustion chamber
5 = Two or three pot stove
6 = Griddle stove
7 = Sunken pot stove
8 = Other
9 = Don’t know
99 = Any other response

30

80

CSTOVOTH

What type of stove is usually used for cooking?
Other (specify)______________________

Note: Please enter the stove name specified. Leave blank if no name was specified, or an illegible or invalid response was provided.

81

CSTOVCHM

Is smoke removed by hood or chimney?
1 = neither
2 = Hood
3 = Chimney
9 = Any other response

31

82

CHMCLEAN

When was chimney last cleaned?
1 = Never
2 = More than 3 months ago
3 = 1-3 months ago
4 = Less than 1 month ago
5 = Don’t know
9 = Any other response

31a

83

CSTOVRM

Where is the cooking usually done?
1 = In a room used for living / sleeping
2 = In a separate room used as a kitchen
3 = In a separate building used as a kitchen
4 = Outdoors
5 = Other (specify)______________________
9 = Any other response

32

84

CSTRMOTH

Where is the cooking usually done?
Other (specify)______________________

Note: Please enter the room or area specified. Leave blank if no name was specified, or an illegible or invalid response was provided

85

CSTOVENT

What type of ventilation is present where the stove is used?
1 = Closed room
2 = Room with eaves spaces
3 = Room with open windows / doors
4 = Room with 3 or fewer walls
5 = Other (specify)______________________
9 = Any other response

33

86

CVENTOTH

What type of ventilation is present where the stove is used?
Other (specify)______________________

Note: Please enter the ventilation name specified. Leave blank if no name was specified, or an illegible or invalid response was provided

87

HEAT

Do you heat your house when it is cold?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

34

88

HFUEL01

What type of fuel do you mainly use for heating:
Electricity

1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

35

89

HFUEL02

What type of fuel do you mainly use for heating:
Liquefied petroleum gas

1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

90

HFUEL03

What type of fuel do you mainly use for heating:
Natural gas

1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

91

HFUEL04

What type of fuel do you mainly use for heating:
Biogas

1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

92

HFUEL05

What type of fuel do you mainly use for heating:
Kerosene

1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

93

HFUEL06

What type of fuel do you mainly use for heating:
Coal/lignite

1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

94

HFUEL07

What type of fuel do you mainly use for heating:
Charcoal

1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

95

HFUEL08

What type of fuel do you mainly use for heating:
Wood

1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

96

HFUEL09

What type of fuel do you mainly use for heating:
Straw/shrubs/grass

1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

97

HFUEL10

What type of fuel do you mainly use for heating:
Animal Dung

1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

98

HFUEL11

What type of fuel do you mainly use for heating:
Agricultural crop residue

1 = Ticked
2 = Not ticked
9 = Any other response

99

HSTOVTYP

What type of stove is usually used for heating?
1 = Open fire
2 = Surrounded fire
3 = Surrounded fire with sunken pot
4 = Stove with combustion chamber
5 = Two or three pot stove
6 = Griddle stove
7 = Sunken pot stove
9=any other response

36

100

HSTOVOTH

What type of stove is usually used for heating?
Other
Note: Please enter the stove name specified. Leave blank if no name was specified, or an illegible or invalid response was provided.

101

MEAT

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat meat (e.g. beef, lamb, chicken, pork)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

37

102

SEAFOOD

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat seafood (including fish)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

103

FRUIT

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat fruit?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

104

VEGECOOK

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat cooked vegetables (green and root)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

105

VEGERAW

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat raw vegetables (green and root)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

106

PULSES

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat pulses (peas, beans, lentils)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

107

CEREALS

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat cereals (excluding bread)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

108

BREAD

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat bread?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

109

PASTA

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat pasta?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

110

RICE

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat rice?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

111

MARGARIN

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat margarine?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

112

BUTTER

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat butter?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

113

OLIVEOIL

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat Olive Oil?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

114

MILK

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you drink milk (including flavoured milk)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

115

DAIRYOTH

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat other dairy products (including cheese or yoghurt)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

116

EGGS

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat eggs?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

117

NUTS

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat nuts?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

118

POTATO

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat potatoes?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

119

SUGAR

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat sugar (including lollies, candies, sweets)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

120

BURGER

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat fast food/burgers?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

121

FASTFOOD

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you eat fast food excluding burgers?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

122

SOFTDRNK

In the past 12 months, how often, on average did you drink fizzy or soft drinks (include local terminology)?
1 = Never or only occasionally
2 = Once or twice per week
3 = Most or all days
9 = Any other response

123

TOBACEVA

In the past, have you smoked tobacco on a daily basis, less than daily, or not at all?
1 = Not at all
2 = Less than daily
3 = Daily
9 = Any other response

38

124

TOBACNOW

Do you currently smoke tobacco on a daily basis, less than daily, or not at all?
1 = Not at all
2 = Less than daily
3 = Daily
9 = Any other response

39

125

TOBACAGE

If you have smoked tobacco ever, either daily or less than daily, at what age did you first smoke cigarettes, cigars, or pipe?
Note: Use code ‘99’ for an invalid response.
Note: Use code ‘99’ for not applicable

40

126

TOBACNUM

On average over the entire time you have smoked, how many cigarettes, cigars, or pipe did you smoke each day?
Note: Use code ‘99’ for an invalid response.
Note: Use code ‘99’ for not applicable

41

127

TOBACNAR

Do you smoke water pipe (use local terminology e.g. bong, crack pipe, hookah, hubble-bubble, narghile, shisha, vapourizer, water vapour) at home?
1 = Yes
2 = No
9 = Any other response

42